For a long time, word-processing has been used to create some simple graphic documents. A word processor program lacked specific features for logo design, letter head design, newspaper advertisement, greeting, wedding and birthday cards. Traditional typesetting involved the use of word processors to design and type simple text, a graphics specialist to design logos and artwork and a printer to put together text and graphics in a plate which was then used to run publications The process and timing was very involving and expensive. With the advent of desktop publishing programs, these documents are made easier to design.
By the end of the topic, the learner should be able to:
Define desktop publishing
State the purpose of desktop publishing
Identify types of DTP software
Design a publication
Edit a publication
Format a publication
Print a publication
You may have seen a card such as a wedding invitation card or read a newspaper, a magazine and a book.
Have you ever wondered how these documents are created? The process of creating these documents is known as publishing. When a computer is used in all stages of publishing to produce quality documents, the process is referred to a desktop publishing. A DTP program is an advanced word processing program with the ability to integrate text, graphics, pictures, styles and advanced formatting
Purpose of Desktop Publishing Software
Desktop Publishing Software has gained popularity in the printing and publishing industry. It has the ability to produce quality and fancy documents. The popularity of Desktop software is based on its ability to manipulate graphics, text and photographs.
The main purpose of DTP software, therefore includes ability to: (i) Design graphics (ii) Manipulate page layout designs and (iii) Printing on small scale and large scale
Designing a publication
With a desktop publisher, you are able to design a page layout by setting consistent picture and object locations, dividing the page in a number of columns and creating layers. A layer can be viewed as an arrangement of objects on top of each other with the one on top being in the first layer. Example can be on one layer while graphical objects on another. Therefore the text layer can be manipulated separate from the graphical object layer. Example text moves separate from the object. You can make the graphical layer transparent in order to make the text in a layer behind the object visible.
Designing a Publication
Graphic design Using DTP software, a typesetter can create and edit very complex text and graphical objects like pictures to the finest details. Examples these are software that provides the user with ruler and ruler guides that can also be used to place an object in exactly the correct position.
Printing oversized publications
You can create and print PageMaker publications as large as 1066.8mm by 1066.8mm). Most desktop printers, however, cannot print such large pages. If you want to print an oversized publication on your desktop printer, you can print each page of your publication in pieces, called tiles, and then trim and assemble those pieces. Alternatively, you can scale the publication to fit the available paper size.
Print an oversized publication (left), by creating tiles (center), or by scaling to fit (right).
Types of Publishing Software
There are two main DTP software specifically developed to create different designs for text and pictures. The two main classifications are:
Layout based e.g. Adobe Pagemaker
Graphic based e.g. Ms Publisher
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