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Laundry Work - Homescience Form 2

Laundry Work

Laundry work is the process of washing, drying, finishing and storing household articles and clothes so as to maintain their original state.

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Washing Equipment

Washing Equipment includes, buckets, basins, a laundry brush, washing machines and boilers. A large sufuria can be used as a boiler.

Drying Equipment

Drying Equipment includes, a clothes line, pegs, drying racks, clothes horse and various types of driers.

Finishing Equipment

Finishing Equipment includes irons, a calendaring machine, an ironing table or ironing board and a sleeve board.

Storage equipment

Storage Equipment includes chest of drawers and a wardrobe, which may either be fee standing or built-in, suitcases, wooden or metal boxes. There is also improvised storage equipment which may include a carton box, a string for hanging items, nails on a wooden board on the wall, hooks on the wall, organizers or a clothes stand.

Laundry Equipment

For laundry work to be effectively done you need sufficient laundry equipment. This include:


1. Washing equipment
2. Drying equipment
3. Finishing equipment
4. Storage equipment

Objective

By the end of the lesson you should be able to identify laundry equipment.

Soap

Soap is made from natural products such as animal fat or vegetable oil and an alkali.

Soapless detergents

Soapless detergents are made purely from chemicals such as petroleum by-products.

Detergents

A detergent is a substance used with water to remove dirt. Detergents are categorized into two:


Click on each to view the definition.

Objective

By the end of the lesson you should be able to distinguish between soaps and soapless detergents.

Forms of Detergents

Laundry Agents

These are substances other than soap that aid in laundry work. They include:

Objectives

By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

  • Identify laundry agents.
  • State their uses.

Sorting

Video clip showing a person sorting out various clothes in preparation for washing.

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Repairing

Video clip showing a person fixing a hanging hem.

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Soaking/steeping

Video clip showing a person soaking a white cotton table cloth in cold plain water.

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Washing

Video clip showing a person washing a white cotton table cloth.

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Rinsing

Video clip showing a person rinsing a white cotton table cloth in cold plain water.

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Drying

Video clip showing a person drying a white cotton table cloth on the clothes line using pegs.

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Finishing

Video clip showing a person ironing a white cotton table cloth.

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Airing

Video clip showing a person airing a white cotton table cloth.

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Storage

Video clip showing a person storing a white cotton table cloth. This can be done either by hanging or folding and then storing in a drawer.

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Laundry Processes

These refers to the series of activities carried out in cleaning and maintenace of clothes. The processes include:

  • Sorting
  • Repairing
  • Soaking/steeping
  • Washing
  • Rinsing
  • Drying
  • Finishing
  • Storage

Objective


By the end of the lesson you should be able to identify different laundry processes.

Video Clip:
Laundering a White Cotton Table Cloth with a Fresh Tea Stain

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Video Clip:
Laundering a Fast Coloured Baby's Cotton Bed Sheet

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Video Clip:
Laundering a Loose Coloured Leso/Khanga

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Video Clip:
Laundering a Woollen Sweater

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Video Clip:
Laundering a Synthetic Blouse

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Laundering Various Articles

i.
Tea-stained white cotton table cloth
ii. Fast coloured baby's cotton bed sheet
iii. Loose coloured lesso/khanga
iv. Knitted woollen sweater
v. Synthetic blouse

Objectives

By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

  • Describe how to launder different fabrics appropriately.

  • Describe how to carry out special treatment in laundry work.

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