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Relationship Between National and County Governments

The functions and powers of the national and county government are clearly defined in the constitution. A function of power of government at one level maybe transferred to another level if it will be more effectively performed by the receiving government.
Counties will receive money from the national government
Some services will be managed by the national government such as defense, foreign affairs, citizenship and immigration, while other like agriculture, health and control of pollution will be managed by the county government.
Election for both national and county assemblies will be held on the same date supervised by the independent electoral and boundaries commission.

Government at each level may set up joint committees and joint authorities
Government at either level will perform its function in a manner that respects the functional and institutional integrity of government at the other level.
Government at either level shall liase with government at the other level for the purpose of exchanging information.
In case of dispute between the two levels of government, attempts will be made by both governments to solve the dispute in accordance with the law



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Hallo. Welcome to History and Governent for form 4. This year, we are going to study devolved government in Kenya, public revenue and expediture in Kenya, Social, economic and political developments and challenges since Independence in Kenya; Social, economic and political developments and challenges since Independence in Africa; World wars; International relations; Co-operation in Africa; National philosophies in kenya; and The Electoral processes and functions of government in other parts of the world.


Devolved Government


Devolved Government

In this lesson we are going to define the term devolved government. We are also going to state the objectives and principals of devolved government. Further we shall study structures and functions of County Governments.



Prior Knowledge

In form 3, we learnt about formation, structure and functions of the government of Kenya. in order to review that topic, atempt the exercise provided by dragging the answers in Box B to the respective questions in Box A.

Objectives

By the end of this lesson you should be able to:


1. Define devolved government


2. State the objectives of devolution of government.


3. State principles of devolved government


Objectives and principles of Devolved Government

Objectives and principles of Devolved Government

The constitution of Kenya that was promulgated in August 2010 provides for a devolved system of Government that comprises of National and County Governments. In this lesson, we are going to define what devolution means, objectives of a Devolved Government as well as the Principals that govern a Devolved government.


Definition of Devolved Government

Definition of Devolved Government

Devolved Government is when a National Government gives power to a group or organization at a lower or more local level.
The devolved government in Kenya allows people living in a particular area to make their own decisions on matters that concern them directly.
The devolved government gives people more say within the specific regions in the county.The constitution in Kenya provides for 47 counties.

Objectives of Devolution in Government

Objectives of Devolution in Government

Some of the objectives of devolved government include; To promote democratic and accountable exercise of power.
• To foster National Unity within the regional diversity
• To give new powers of self-governance to the people and enhance the participation in decision making.
• To recognize the rights of communities to manage their own affairs.
• To protect and promote the interests and rights of minorities and marginalized communities.
• To Promote social and economic development
• To ensure equitable sharing of National and local resources throughout Kenya
• To facilitate decentralization of state organs, their functions and services from the capital of Kenya
• To enhance checks and balances and the separation of powers.

Principles of Devolved Government

Principals of Devolved Government

What are the principals that guide devolved government in Kenya? these principals are :

• County government shall be based on democratic principles and the separation of powers.

• County government shall have reliable sources of revenue to enable them to govern and deliver services effectively.

• No more than two-thirds of the members of representative bodies in each county government shall be of the same gender.

Prior Knowledge


Prior Knowledge

We have previously leant objectives of devolved government. We said that some of those objectives are:
• Promoting democratic and accountable exercise of power
• Fostering national unity by recognizing diversity
• Gives power of self-governance to the people
• Recognizes the right of communities to manage their own affairs
• Ensures equitable sharing of national and local resources throughout Kenya

Objectives

By the end of this lesson you should be able to:


1. Describe the structure and functions of county governments


2. Explain the relationship between national and county government


3. Discuss the challenges facing county government and possible solutions


Quiz

To summarise the lesson, attempt the exercise given by indicating whether the statements are True or False

Structure and Functions of County Governments


Structure and Functions of County Governments

In this Lesson we will discuss the structure and functions of county Governments. We will also explain the relationship between National and County Governments as well as discuss the challenges facing county governments and possible solutions.

County Government

A county is the system of government that oversees the administration of a county. This government enacts legislation at the county level and oversees its implementation. However, it works hand in hand with the national government. It is also referred to as devolved government

The counties in Kenya

Structure of the County Government

Structure of the County Government

A county government consists of:
• Members elected by the registered voters of the wards
• There are special seats meant to ensure that not more than two thirds of the assembly membership belong to the same gender
• Representation from marginalized groups, for example persons with disabilities, the youth, etc
• The speaker who is an ex-officio member
• A county assembly is elected for a term of five years

County Executive Committee

County Executive Committee

The county executive committee consists of;

• County governor and the deputy county governor

• Members appointed by the county governor with the approval of the assembly

Functions of County Executive Committee

Functions of County Executive Committee

What are the functions of the countee executive committees? A county executive committee has several functions which include:

• Implementation of county legislation

• Manage and coordinate the functions of the county administration and its departments

• Perform any other functions conferred on it by the constitution or national legislation

• Prepare proposed legislation for consideration by the county assembly

• Provide the county assembly with full and regular reports on matters relating to the county

County Assemblies

A county assembly makes laws that are necessary for effective performance of functions of the county government. What are the duties of county assemblies? The duties of the county assembly include:


1. County planning


2. Street lighting


3.Providing pre-primary education, village polytechnics etc


4. Providing houses, buildings and managing new houses


5. Providing recreation facilities

6. Pass laws to govern the county

7. Manage and exploit resources within the count

8. Provide fire-fighting services and disaster management

Thika Super highway

County Assemblies

A county assembly makes laws that are necessary for effective performance of functions of the county government. What are the duties of county assemblies? The duties of the county assembly include:

• County planning

• Street lighting

• Providing preprimary education, village polytechnics etc

• Providing houses, buildings and managing new houses

• Providing recreation facilities

• Pass laws to govern the county

• Manage and exploit resources within the county

• Provide firefighting services and disaster management

Relationship between County and National Governments

The functions and powers of the National and Gounty Government are clearly defined in the constitution. A function of power of government at one level, maybe transferred to another level if it will be more effectively performed by the receiving Government. Counties will receive money from the national government. Some services will be managed by the national government such as defense, foreign affairs, citizenship and immigration, while other like agriculture, health and control of pollution will be managed by the county government. Election for both national and county assemblies will be held on the same date supervised by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC).

Government at each level may set up joint committees and joint authorities. Government at either level will perform its function in a manner that respects the functional and institutional integrity of government at the other level. Government at either level shall liase with government at the other level for the purpose of exchanging information. In case of dispute between the two levels of government, attempts will be made by both governments to solve the dispute in accordance with the law.


Relationship between County and National Governments

The functions and powers of the National and Gounty Government are clearly defined in the constitution. A function of power of government at one level, maybe transferred to another level if it will be more effectively performed by the receiving Government. Counties will receive money from the national government. Some services will be managed by the national government such as defense, foreign affairs, citizenship and immigration, while other like agriculture, health and control of pollution will be managed by the county government. Election for both national and county assemblies will be held on the same date supervised by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC).

Government at each level may set up joint committees and joint authorities. Government at either level will perform its function in a manner that respects the functional and institutional integrity of government at the other level. Government at either level shall liase with government at the other level for the purpose of exchanging information. In case of dispute between the two levels of government, attempts will be made by both governments to solve the dispute in accordance with the law.


Relationship between County and National Governments

Challenges Facing the County Governments

Challenges Facing the County Governments

What are some of the challenges facing county governments in Kenya? County governments in Kenya face several challenges. Some of these challenges are:

• Lack of information on how county government operates

• Disagreements over the headquarters of the county

• Lack of qualified personnel to run affairs of a county

• Lack of adequate facilities

• Weak financial resources for some counties

• Inefficient system of tax collection

• Misappropriation and mismanagement of funds

• Political interference

• High population in some counties

• Poor planning

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