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Tools and Equipment - Agriculture Form 1

Introduction to Farm Tools and Equipment


Things that make farm work easier are referred to as tools and equipment.
In carrying out farming operations several tools and equipment are required.

Why do farmers use tools and equipment?


To make farm operations easier, for example transport of farm produce like sugar cane illustrated here

To increase efficiency


This irrigation system is an
equipment making crop watering operations easier


To minimize injuries to livestock and operator


Restraining of livestock makes livestock handling
easier


When milking


Milking equipment enables stocks person to be more efficient in the operation

CATEGORIES OF FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

Garden tools and equipment

This are tools and equipment used for field management practices that are done on crops, such as pruning, pest and disease control, watering among others.

Workshop tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment which are used for the construction and maintenance of farm structures.

Livestock production tools and equipments

These are the tools and equipment used for routine

management practices in livestock e.g. for identification, castration, dehorning, disease and parasite control, breeding, milking and restraining animals.

Masonry tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition Plumbing tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range  of plumbing work e.g. maintenance of piping system






Below is an illustration of knapsack sprayer being used



State the functions of the following knapsack sprayer parts

Functions of knapsack sprayer parts

1 . Pneumatic lever:-creates pressure in the tank which causes spray to be drawn from the tank

2 . Delivery hose:-delivers the chemical from the tank to the hand lance

3 . Trigger: -allows the spray out to the hand lance when pressed

4 . Hand lance: -delivers the chemical from the delivery hose to the nozzle

5 . Nozzle:-allows the spray to come out in small droplets

6 . Tank:-stores spray solution when in use

7 . Cap: -covers the spray tank

8 . Strap: -holding the knapsack sprayer on the back of the user.

Farm Tools and Equipment

Lesson objectives

By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

  • identify all the farm tools and equipment
  • describe the use of various tools and equipment appropriately
  • explain appropriate maintenance practices on tools and equipment
  • demonstrate full appreciation for care and maintenance of tools
  • name various parts of farm tools and equipment.

Use of Farm Tools and Equipments

Click the play button to see use of tools and equipment



Click the play button to see use of tools and equipment



Click the play button to see use of tools and equipment


Click the play button to see use of tools and equipment


Use of Farm Tools and Equipments

These includes simple instruments held in the hand to perform a particular operation and equipment are more complicated and specific to given operations. In this lesson they are classified as follows
Garden tools and equipment are used in crop production operations.
Livestock tools and equipment are used in livestock management practices
Plumbing tools and equipment are used for fitting and repairing water systems.
Masonry tools and equipment are used for construction using stones, bricks and concrete.
Workshop tools and equipment are used for construction and maintenance of farm tools, equipments and structures as illustrated below.

Uses of garden tools and equipment

There are many field management practices that are done on crops, such as pruning, pest and disease control, watering among others.
The effectiveness and efficiency of these practices require the use of appropriate tools and equipment.

Curved blade panga


Used for cutting grass, weeding and slashing.
N/B slashing means making a sweeping cut


Axe

Used for felling trees

Mattock

Used for removing roots and large stones

Blade Jembe/Hoe

Used for cultivating land or weeding crops

Fork jembe

Used for removing roots and large stones,
Breaking heavy soils,
Digging hard soils.

Shovel

Used for lifting soil
Applying manure












Uses of livestock production tools and equipment
These are the tools and equipment used for routine

management practices in livestock e.g. for identification,

castration, dehorning, disease and parasite control,

breeding, milking and restraining animals.

Elastrator


 

For expanding rubber ring during bloodless castration, docking and dehorning

Burdizzo

For bloodless castration of young animals such as rams, bulls and goats

Syringe and needle

For administering drugs by injection
For extraction of blood samples from an animal for analysis

Drenching gun

To administer liquid drugs especially for control of internal parasite

Halter,Bull ring and lead stick

Used in tying animals neck and mouth in order to restrain and lead the animal.

Bull ring used to restrain and lead animals, especially bulls.
The leading stick helps to keep a safe distance between the farmer and the bull.


Strip cup

For detecting mastitis


Trocar and canula


 

For treatment of bloat by piercing the left side of the abdomen to allow the accumulated gases to escape

Ear notcher

For making holes and notches on the animals' ears for identification purposes






Uses of workshop tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment which are used for the

construction and maintenance of farm structures.

They are used for working on wood or metals.

The following are some of the farm tools and equipment.

Cross cut saw


Used for cutting across the grains of timber


Tenon /Back saw

Used for cutting wood grains for joinery work


Coping saw

Used for cutting curves in wood

Spokeshave

Used for smoothening curved and round surfaces

Wood chisel

Used for trimming off rough edges on wood , making holes and joints in wood

Cold chisel

Cutting or trimming thick metal sheets to shape

Maintenance of Tools and Equipment

General methods of maintenance practices include.

(1 ) Cleaning after use

(2 ) Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt

(3 ) Tightening loose parts

(4 ) Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting

(5 ) Replacing worn out parts

(6 ) Repairing damaged parts

(7 ) Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction

(8 ) Proper storage

(9 ) Painting metallic parts

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment

(i.) To increase durability

(ii.) To reduce replacement cost

(iii.) To increase efficiency

(iv.) To avoid damage to the tool

(v.) To avoid injury to the user


Specific maintenance of the tool or equipment

Secateurs

Cleaning after use
Oil metallic part to prevent rusting
Sharpening the cutting edge
Repair broken parts


Spring balance

Oil to prevent rusting
Lubricate the inner spring
Proper storage

Tape Measure

Proper storage
Cleaning after use

Wheelbarrow

Tighten loose nuts and bolts
Grease moving parts
Repair broken parts
Cleaning after use
Oil metallic part to prevent rusting
Appropriate storage

Carry correct quantity of load

Sprinkler

Unblock the nozzles
Repair broken parts
Cleaning after use
Oil metallic part to prevent rusting


Mattock

Fix loose handle
Cleaning after use
Oil metallic part to prevent rusting
Appropriate storage

Uses of Plumbing tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range

of plumbing work e.g. maintenance of pipe system

in the farm.

Spanners:- For tightening and loosening bolts and nuts of different sizes

Pipe wrench

For holding, tightening or loosening metallic pipes and fittings

Pipe cutter

For cutting metallic pipes to ease joining of pipes.

PVC pipe cutter for cutting PVC pipes.

Stock and Die for threading pipes.

Hacksaw

For cutting metallic pipes before threading

Maintenance of plumbing tools and equipment
General methods of maintenance practices include.

  • Cleaning after use
  • Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt
  • Tightening loose parts
  • Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting
  • Replacing worn out parts
  • Repairing damaged parts
  • Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction
  • Proper storage
  • Painting metallic parts for long storage

Reasons for maintaining
plumbing tools and equipment

To increase durability

To reduce replacements cost

To increase efficiency

To avoid damage to the tool

To avoid injury to the user

Uses of masonry tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition.

Shovel

Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar during construction

Spirit level

Used to determine horizontal and vertical straightness of a surface e.g when laying out stones or bricks

Sledge hammer

Used to crash stones into small pieces

Masons trowel

Used to scoop and apply mortar when laying out bricks and stones. Mortar is a mixture of sand and cement together with water.

Wood float

Used for smoothening mortar when plastering walls or floors

Metal /steel float

Used for spreading screed over floors or walls during plastering.

Plumb bob and Line

Ascertain verticalness/straightness when constructing a tall wall.

Leveling rod

Used with a theodolite to measure distances in the leveling of land.

A theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors for measuring angles.

Functions of stir-up pump parts

Below is an illustration of stir-up pump

Functions of stir-up pump parts

1 . Handle- it is the one held when pumping

2 . Air vessel- sucking in air to create vacuum

3 . Leg and foot support -stepping on to support the pump while pumping

4 . Barrel- allow the movement of the piston up and down

5 . Foot and valve strainer-suck in and sieve the liquid

6 . Delivery hose-delivers the liquid from the gland to the trigger control unit

7 . Lance handle-held by hand to direct the spray liquid to the target

8 . Trigger control- opened and closed to control the outlet of the spray liquid.

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment

(i.) To increase durability

(ii.) To reduce replacements cost 

(iii.) To increase efficiency

(iv.) To avoid damage to the tool 

(v.) To avoid injury to the user.


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