Constitution and Constitution Making - History Form 2
Constitution and Constitution Making
In every institution, organisation or nation, there exists rules and regulations that guide the operations of the specific body. Similarly, a country is guided by rules and regulations. This is known as the constitution. A constitution is a set of agreed upon fundamental principles, rules and values which act as a guide to govern a group of people. There are two main types of constitutions, Written and Unwritten. In Kenya, we have a written constitution.
We are going to listen to a conversation between a member of parliament and his constituents.
By the end of the lesson you should be able to:
- Define the term constitution
- Identify the types of constitution
- Describe the constitution making process in Kenya
- Identify the features of the Kenya constitution
- Describe constitutional changes in Kenya since independence
Constitution Making process in Kenya
Constitution making process refers to the organs involved and stages followed in making a constitution.
Stages in constitution making
There are four stages followed in constitution making in Kenya.
THE CONSTITUENCY CONSTITUTIONAL FORUMThis is found in every constituency and its main task is to facilitate debate, discussion and collection of views from the citizens.
THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTIONAL CONFERENCEThis is an Assembly of selected people from various interest groups who meet to agree on the constitution. It comprises of:- 222 members of parliament 210 district representatives 29 commissioners 125 representatives of representatives from interest groups Representatives of political parties
THE REFERENDUMThis is a forum where people decide directly on the constitution. THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY This is the body charged with the final approval of the constitution.
One of them is the civic education. This involves educating the public and raising awareness on issues of the constitution. It is done by a commission created by an act of parliament.
Another stage is that of public consultation. In public consultation, the commission collects views from various constituencies which are then compiled as the draft constitution. In the year 2008, a committee of experts was formed to collect views from the public and then draft a constitution.
The National Constitution Conference
The National Constitution Conference is another stage in constitutional making. It is supposed to deliberate upon and adopt the draft constitution. In 2003, the National constitution conference was held at the Bomas of Kenya. In case of a disagreement in the National Constitutional Conference, the draft is subjected to a referendum.
One was held in year 2005 in which the draft constitution was rejected. Another effort was initiated to review the constitution in the year 2008. The committee of experts drafted the constitution. This draft was adopted by parliament and then subjected to a referendum on 4th August, 2010. A referendum is a forum where people decide directly on the constitution by voting. In this case Kenyans voted for the constitution.
Parliament Enactment of Draft constitution
After the draft has been approved by the National constitutional Conference or a committee of experts, it is adopted by parliament before it is subjected to a referendum. If accepted in the referendum, it becomes the constitution of the republic. The 2010 constitution was promulgated on 27th August 2010.
Features of the Kenyan constitution
Features of the Kenyan constitution
The Kenyan constitution has various features. They include;
- provides for a multi-party system of government.
- contains a Bill of Rights or Civil Rights for citizens.
- stipulates the procedure for the composition of the National Assembly.
- provides for an independent Judiciary.
- gives the ways in which one can become a Kenyan citizen.
- provides for an independence of the Electoral Commission.
- establishes the Consolidated Fund.
Constitutional amendment since independence
Place your cursor over the years to see the constitutional ammendment that took place.
Order this CD Today to Experience the Full Multimedia State of the Art Technology!
For Best results INSTALL Adobe Flash Player Version 16 to play the interactive content in your computer. Test the Sample e-Content link below to find out if you have Adobe Flash in your computer.
Other Goodies for KCSE ONLINE Members!
Coursework e-Content CD covers all the topics for a particular class per year and costs 1200/- ( Per Subject per Class ).
Purchase Online and have the CD sent to your nearest Parcel Service. Pay the amount to Patrick 0721806317 by M-PESA then provide your address for delivery of the Parcel. Alternatively, you can use BUY GOODS TILL NUMBER 827208 Ask for clarification if you get stuck.
Install ADOBE Flash Player for Best Results
For Best results INSTALL Adobe Flash Player Version 16 to play the interactive content in your computer. Test the link below to find out if you have Adobe Flash in your computer.