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Breast Feeding

Breastfeeding is the nourishment of a baby on milk through the breast.

Importance of Breastfeeding

Objective

By the end of the lesson you should be able to explain the importance of breastfeeding.



Problems Related to Breastfeeding


Many mothers are able to breastfeed successfully. However, some mothers may experience problems which may require help from health professionals, counselors and experienced breastfeeding mothers. The following are some of the problems related to breastfeeding:


  • Breast engorgement
  • Sore nipples
  • Breast abscess
  • Inability of the mother to breastfeed
  • Mother's refusal to breastfeed
  • Baby's refusal to breastfeed
  • Baby's inability to breastfeed

Objective

By the end of the lesson you should be able to state the problems related to breastfeeding.

Breast engorgement

This is the condition experienced by breastfeeding mothers when breasts become too full of milk as a result of infrequent breastfeeding.

Sore nipples

This condition is as a result of cracking of the nipple. This makes breastfeeding painfull.

Breast abscess

This is a complication that occurs when a cracked nipple is neglected. The mother needs to seek immediate medical attention.

Inability of the mother to breastfeed

This may be caused by:


1. Inverted nipples


2. Severe malnutrition


3. Severe illness

Mother's refusal to breastfeed

This can be as a result of ignorance and misconception.

Baby's refusal to breastfeed

This can be as a result of:


1. Introducing bottle feeding too early


2. Early weaning


3. Nipple confusion-a problem that arises when a breast fed baby is given a rubber tit.

Baby's inability to breastfeed

This can be due to:


1. Cleft lip/ palate


2. Oral thrush


3. Illness

Feeding Equipment and Materials


These are items used during food preparation, cooking and feeding the baby. These equipment and materials include:

Objective

By the end of the lesson, you should be able to practice proper care of feeding equipment.

Points to Obseve when Caring for Baby's Feeding Equipment


1. Clean hands thoroughly with soap and clean water before handling the equipment



2. Clean the equipment immediately after use



3. Sterilize the equipment after cleaning



4. Avoid handling the equipment when suffering from infectious diseases.




5. Do not share baby's equipment with other members of the family

6. Avoid touching the surface of the equipment which goes into the baby's mouth



2. Avoid handling the equipment when suffering from infectious diseases.

Cleaning feeding equipment

Feeding equipment should be washed thoroughly, sterilized and stored appropriately. Clean the feeding bottle using the following procedure:


Sterilizing Feeding Equipment in Sterilizing Solution


Sterilizing Feeding Equipment by Boiling


Sterilizing Feeding Equipment in a Sterilizing Kit


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