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Furnishing the Home - Homescience Form 4

Furnishing the Home

This is the art of choosing, arranging and maintaining furnishings in the home. Colour is an important aspect in furnishing.










Colour

Colour is an element of design which can only be seen in the presence of light

Objectives

By the end of the lesson you should be to:

1. State the characteristics of colour.
2. Explain how to obtain different categories of colour.

Characteristics of colour


There are three main characteristics of colour. These are:

  • Hue
  • Value
  • Intensity

Hue

Hue is the name of a colour.

Value

Value is the degree of lightness or darkness of a colour. The lighter values are known as tints while the darker values are known as shades. To get tints white is added to the hue while black is added to get shades.

Intensity


Intensity is the brightness or dullness of a colour.

Colour Wheel


A colour wheel is the arrangement of colour in a circle showing their relationship. Colours are classified into three groups namely:

1. Primary Colours

2. Secondary Colours

3. Tertiary Colours

Objectives

By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. Classify colours
2. Use the colours to correctly create a colour wheel.

Primary colours


Primary colours are basic colours and cannot be produced by mixing other colours. These are:

1. Red

2. Blue

3. Yellow

Secondary Colours


Secondary colours are obtained by mixing two primary colours. They are:

1. Orange

2. Green

3. Violet

Orange

Orange is obtained by mixing red and yellow.

Green

Green is obtained by mixing yellow and blue.

Violet/ purple

Violet/purple is obtained by mixing red and blue.

Tertiary Colours

Tertiary Colours are obtained by mixing a primary and a secondary colour. These include:

Creating a Colour Wheel


Click on the play button to view

Colour scheme


Colour scheme is the overall effect of the colour used on all the surfaces in a room or space. There are many types of colour schemes however in this topic we shall discuss the following:

1. Monochromatic

2. Analogous

3. Complementary

4. Triad

Objective

By the end of the lesson, you should be able to describe types of colour schemes.

Monochromatic colour scheme

This is whereby one colour is used together with its tints and shades.

Analogous colour scheme


This is the use of two or three colours that lie next to each other on the colour wheel.

Complementary colour scheme


This is combining of colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel which creates a contrasting harmony. Complementary colour schemes include:
1. Single complementary

2. Split complementary

3. Double complementary

Single complementary


This is the use of one colour and the directly opposite it on the colour wheel.

Split complementary

This is the use of a colour and two other colours on either side of its complement on the colour wheel. For example, green, red-violet and red-orange.

Double complementary

This is a colour scheme that uses four colours. Two colours and their complements.

Triad colour scheme

This is the use of three colours which are at equal distance from each other on the colour wheel.

Furnishing the House

Furnishings can be classified into two:

1. Hard furnishings

2. Soft furnishings

Objectives


By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. Classify furnishings

2. Select furnishings for various rooms

Hard furnishings

Case goods


These are pieces of furniture that are not padded.

Upholstered furniture


These are furniture that are partially or wholly padded and covered with materials such as fabric, leather and poly vinyl chloride (PVC).

Furniture for different rooms

Different rooms require different pieces of furniture depending on their use. The rooms are:


Click on each to view

Soft furnishing


Soft furnishings are items made from fabric and other materials. They are both functional and decorative. They include:

1. Curtains and blinds

2. Cushions and Pillows

3. Carpets and floor rugs

4. Bedcovers

5. Loose covers and table clothes

Objectives


By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1.Identify soft furnishings used in the home

2. State the use of soft furnishings

Curains and blinds

They are used on windows and doors. They filter excess light, provide privacy and enhance the appearance of a room.

Cushions and Pillows

They provide comfort by supporting the body while sitting or sleeping.

Carpets and floor rugs

They are used on the floor for warmth, reduce noise, improve appearance of the floor and protect it from damage.

Bedcovers

Protects the beddings against dirt and enhances the beauty of the bedroom.

Loose covers and table clothes

They are used for easy maintenance and protection of the furniture against dirt, enhance appearance and beauty of room, hide defects on furniture.

Accessories

Accessories are items used in the home for functional and aesthetic value. They include:

  • Wall hangings
  • Clocks
  • Acquarium
  • Pictures
  • Curvings
  • Trophies
  • Lamps
  • Mirrors
  • Lampshades
  • Sea shells and corals

Objectives


By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. Define accessories

2. Identify various accessories used in the home

Flower Arrangement

A flower arrangement is the art of selecting and arranging flowers to come up with a pleasant effect. Some of the commonly used flowers and plant parts are roses, carnations, gladioli, chrysanthemums, statice, arum lilies, madonna lilies, delphiniums, watsomia, leaves, Twigs, Seeds- both dry and fresh, synthetic flowers

Objectives


By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

1. Choose flowers and plant materials to be used in flower arrangements

2. Create suitable flower arrangements to suit different occassions

Equipment used in flower arrangemet

For successful flower arrangements, the following equipment are required: scissors, secateurs, knife, wire netting, flower vase, basins, bucket, plain thin wire, oasis, dust sheet/ newspapers.

Objectives

By the end of the lesson, you should be able to identify the equipment used in flower arrangements.

Making a Flower Arrangement


Now that we have flowers and equipment, let us make a flower arrangement.

1. Place the wire mesh/ pin holder in the vase.

2. Fill the vase three-quarter way with water.

3. Place the tallest stem of folliage. fill in with shorter stems.

4. Avoid overcrowding the flowers so that each. individual flower can stand out clearly.

5. Occassionally, stand back to view the arrangement and confirm that the desired shape is being achieved.

Shapes of flower arrangement



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