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Knec Kcse French Syllabus

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Knec Kcse French Syllabus



The objectives of teaching French in secondary schools are to: 1) equip learners with the basic communicative skills for effective communication where French is required; 2) give learners access to oral and written materials in French; 3) facilitate further studies in Francophone institutions; 4) promote global peace through the understanding and appreciation of the cultures of French-speaking peoples and through a more positive perception of foreign peoples and their cultures. 1.0



These two skills should be developed side by side. Learners should be able to listen to a variety of oral materials in French and extract information from them. They should be able to communicate orally in real life situations and should articulate correctly. They should understand the meaning and functioning of prosody (intonation, rhythm, liaison, etc.) and use it in their speech. 1.2.0 READING SKILLS

Learners should have been exposed to authentic documents from a variety of written sources such as comics, magazines, readers, newspapers, brochures, etc. 1.3.0 WRITING SKILLS

Writing and reading skills both demand visual recognition and comprehension of words and structures. The two skills complement each other. 1.4.0 SPEECH ACTS AND GRAMMAR

It is vital for any language learner to both master and correctly use grammatical structures. Since language is a vehicle of communication, grammatical structures and vocabulary should have been learnt within communicative situations. Speech acts and grammar constitute the content. 2.0


2.1.0 Specific Objectives

By the end of the course, the learner should be able to: a) respond to instructions and to other varied stimuli; b) answer the telephone and convey oral messages; c) answer questions on everyday topics; d) manipulate in conversation the grammatical structures and vocabulary learned; e) ask for and give directions to places; f) express an opinion and give reasons; g) narrate experiences in different tenses; h) comment on oral information; i) talk about personal experiences using a wide range of vocabulary; j) dramatize real life situations (role-play); k) extract information from recorded audio-visual material; l) appreciate French spoken at varying speeds and in different registers (niveaux de langue); m) speak with reasonable fluency and accuracy of articulation, liaison and intonation on a variety of topics within their own experiences; n) express themselves orally using a wide range of vocabulary and grammatical structures. 2.2.0 READING SKILLS

2.2.1 Specific Objectives: By the end of the course, the learner should be able to: a) read with understanding materials like advertisements, simple comics, novels, dialogues and notices etc; b) independently read materials from various sources e.g. newspaper articles, etc.; c) read materials such as timetables. signs, poems, etc, to enable them to cope with a francophone environment; d) extract and manipulate information from the above texts; e) read aloud set passages. 2.3.0 WRITING SKILLS

2.3.1 Specific Objectives By the end of the course, the learner should be able to use correctly the vocabulary and grammatical structures to: a) write compositions based on a series of pictures; b) write narratives (free composition); c) write informal and formal letters and CVs; d) write other functional/situational compositions e.g. dialogues; e) write answers/questions to given stimuli. e.g. programmes, recipes, posters, dialogues etc.; f) answer complex questions; g) solve puzzles; h) fill in blanks, tables, forms etc. 2.4.0 SPEECH ACTS

2.4.1 Specific Objectives: By the end of the course, the learner should be able to use the followings speech acts and grammatical structures: a) Making contact with others by:' greeting/saying farewell;' welcoming;' apologising/giving apologies;' attracting attention of someone;' showing doubt;' receiving calls/telephoning;' confirming a statement;' thanking someone;' asking someone to wait/hold on/repeat;' refusing politely;' spelling names etc.;' encourag someone;' giving/responding to instructions;' talking about export/import. b) Saying how one feels:' expressing admiration, impatience, value judgement, a preference, a wish, interest, an opinion, agreement, obligation, regret;' expressing need and reason for doing something;' giving advice;' congratulating;' making a comparison;' saying one remembers/forgets. c) Describing an item:' Question/answer on identification, number, price, weight, size, colour, quantity. d) Describing a person ' question/answer on name, identity, nationality, presence, place of residence, languages spoken, profession, family, age, abilities/knowledge, habits/lifestyle ' question/answer on health, appearance, character ' saying one is new/late etc. e) Describing an action ' Leisure activities ' Journeys ' Saying what one has done or one is going to do ' Recalling a past occasion f) Describing an event ' question/answer on plans, projects, events ' recalling a past event ' question/answer on nature and sequence of events g) Giving advice on ' Professions ' ' Ethical behaviour/social integrity h) Describing place and time ' question/answer on date, time, distance ' question/answer on time for doing something ' making a reservations ' question/answer on place of work/school ' question/answer on where one is going ' question/answer on position of an object. i) Communicating with others ' using formal and informal expressions in speech and in writing;' asking for/giving advice, formation;' writing a job application and CV;' responding to advertisements;' reassuring;' promising ' announcing news;' sending e-mail;' asking someone to do something;' offering/asking for something e.g. assistance;' discourag ;' giving orders;' wishing someone good luck etc. 2.5.0 GRAMMAR

2.5.1 Content

1. Articles and nouns: i) indefinite and definite articles; ii) partitive article; iii) gender and number of nouns; iv) definite article w ith 'd e' and 'a'


2 Pronouns (in the affirmative and negative) i) subject pronouns ii) emphatic pronouns iii) direct/indirect object pronouns iv) im personal pronouns: on, quelqu 'un, tout le m onde, quelquechose) v) partitive pronouns vi) relative pronouns: qui/que (not with pass'compos' vii) possessive pronouns: le mien etc. viii) demonstrative pronouns: celui etc ix) pronouns following prepositions x) expression for p resenting a person; C 'est/V oici ' ' xi) pronoun: chacun/chacune

3. Expressions of quantity:- using cardinal and ordinal numbers - using: beaucoup de, assez de, moins de, plus de, trop de - using adverbial prepositions; presque, environ d) Adjectives: i) agreement in number and gender of adjectives ii) possessive adjectives e.g mon iii) adjectival expressions using 'de' e.g le livre de Paul iv) comparative adjectives (plus (moins (aussi

v) superlative of regular and irregular adjectives le/la/les plus/moins

le/la/les pires(s) de le/la/les meilleur(e) (s) de vi comparative of irregular adjectives: bon ' meilleur maurais ' pire vi) demonstrative adjectives e.g. ce, cette etc. 4. Verbs (in the affirmative and negative forms) i) present tense of regular and irregular verbs and reflexive verbs ii) futur proche 'aller + infinitif iii) passe'com pose'of all verbs learnt iv) past participle agreem ent w ith 'avoir' using direct object pronouns in the affirmative only. v) Second verb infinitives (e.g pouvoir + infinitif) vi) 'im parfait' of all the verb s covered vii) 'futur' viii) conditionnel pr'ent' of the verbs cov ered ix) imperative form x) plus-que-parfait xi) style indirect using: si, que, de. xii) Subjonctif pr'ent of regular verbs. xiii) Subjonctif pr'ent of some irregular verbs i.e. faire, venir, savoir, pouvoir, vouloir,'re, avoir, voir, aller, 'rive, sortir, live, partir, mertre, prendre. xiv) Subjonctif with the following verbs:- il faut que - j'aim erais que - j'voudrais que - je souhaite que - il est important que - il est n'essaire que xv) subjonctif with : - bien que - avant que - apr' que

5. Adverbs: i) adverbs ending with ' ment and their position in a sentence ii) adverbs of place; ici, l' l'- bas, partout, quelquepart iii) adverbs of time: encore, d'' toujours, quelquefois, souvent, iv) adverbs of tim e sequ ence: d 'abord, ensuite, en fin, souvent, apr'


v) adverbial expression: il ya/depuis + expression of time

6. Negative forms:(i) ne ' ' pas;(ii) ne' ' pas de;(iii) ne '



plus;(iv) ne '

.jam ais;( v) ne ---- pasencore;(vi) ne ---- rien/rien ne (vii) ne ---- personne;(viii) ne ---- que;(ix) ne --- ni --- ni ---

;(x) personne ne

7. Interogative forms: i) using intonation, ii) using 'est-ce que iii) inversion of subject and verb iv) using expressions: comment, o' qui est-ce qu e, qu 'est-ce que, qu 'est-ce qui, que, qui, quel, il y a

v) using: lequel, quand, comment vi) negative interrog ative w ith 'si' response

8. expressions of time and place i) using prepositions en, ' de, sous, sur, devant, derri'e, pour, dans, en face de, 'br / c''de, pr' de, loin de etc. ii) expressing time using: - 're en train de+ infinitif - esp'er que + futur - 're sur le point de + infinitif - venir de + infinitif iii) using adverbial pronouns 'y ' and 'en ' 10

Link words / expressions: i) donc, car, alors - quand + futur, pr'ent, pass'compos'- et, ou, mais, apr', puis - 'mon avis - si - pour + infinitif - avant de + infinitif - sans + infinitif



3.1.0 Specific Objectives

By the end of the course, the learner should be equipped with vocabulary and idiomatic expressions related to the topics below: 3.2.0 Content a) The French-speaking world; b) The socialization aspect of humanity; c) The family and its many concepts;; d) The school and related activities e) Professions and careers; f) Leisure and hobbies; g) and environmental issues; h) Transport and travel; i) Tourism and other economic activities; j) Media and information technology. 4.0 ANNEX: VERBS

The following list of verbs is the minimum required for the course. Irregular verbs

aller na're savoir apprendre devoir partir sortir avoir dire permettre sourite battre dormir pouvoir suivre boire 'rire prendre tenir comprendre 're promettre venir condutire faire recevoir vouloir connaitre lire revenir courir mettre rire croire mourir

4.1.0 Regular 'er verbs

adorer 'outer pr'arer aider enseigner pr'enter aimer entrer raconter apporter fermer regarder arriver frapper regretter bavarder garder rencountrer cacher go'er rentrer causer habiter rester chanter jouer retourner chasser laisser saluer chercher manger sembler commencer marcher soigner conseiller mesurer souhaiter continuer monter tomber couter montrer travailler crier nager traverser cultiver oublier trouver danser parler visiter dejeuner passer voler demander pecher voyager desirer penser dessiner pleurer detester porter diner poser donner pousser

4.2.0 Verbs with some irregular forms

achester essayer ouvrir completer jeter peser envoyer nettoyer pr'erer esp'er offrir regular ' ir verbs choisir finir grandir grossir maigrir punir remplir saisir regular-re verbs attandre descendre perdre rendre r'ondre

4.3.0 Reflexive Verbs

s'am user se raser s'appeler s' reveiller s' approch er de se sauver s' approch er de se souvenir de s'asseoir se taire se baigner se trouver se brosser se coucher se d''her se d'habiller se peigner se doucher s'habiller s'inqu'er s'intaller se laver se lever se promener se rappeler

4.4.0 Impersonal Verbs 'a vaut il faut il pleut il s'agitde il ya

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