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Knec Kcse History Syllabus

HISTORY & GOVERNMENT Examination Syllabus

* FORM 1

1. INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT

1. The meaning of History
2. The meaning of Government
3. Sources of information on History and Government
4. Importance of studying History and Government.

2. EARLY MAN

1. Origin of man
2. Evolution of man
3. Cultural and economic practices of Early Man

3. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE

1. Development of early agriculture
2. Early agriculture in:
1. Egypt
2. Mesopotamia
3. The Agrarian Revolution in
       1. Britain
       2. U.S.A
       4. The food situation in Africa and the rest of the Third World

5. Remedies of food shortages

4. THE PEOPLE OF KENYA UP TO THE 19th CENTURY

1. Origin migration and settlement of the people of Kenya
1. Bantu
2. Nilotes
3. Cushites
4. Results of the migration and settlement of the
people of Kenya

5. SOCIAL,ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF KENYAN SOCIETIES IN THE 19th CENTURY

1. Bantu
1. Agikuyu
2. Ameru
3. Akamba
4. Abagusii
5. Mijikenda

2. Nilotes
1. Luo
2. Nandi
3. Maasai

3. Cushites
1. Borana
2. Somali

6. CONTACTS BETWEEN EAST AFRICA AND THE OUTSIDE WORLD UP TO THE 19th CENTURY

1. Early visitors to the East African Coast up to 1500
2. Trade between the East African Coast and the outside World
1. Development of the trade
2. Organization of the trade
3. Impact of the trade on the people of East Africa

3. The coming of the Portuguese
1. Reasons for their coming to East Africa
2. Their conquest and rule
3. The decline of Portuguese power
4. Establishment and Impact of Omani Rule:

       1. Seyyidd Said and the development of plantation Agriculture
        2. Development,Organization and Consequence of

5. The spread of Christianity:
1. Reasons for the coming of Christian missionaries
2. Missionary activities and challenges
3. Effects of missionary activities

7. CITIZENSHIP

1. Kenya citizenship
2. Rights of a citizen
3. Responsibilities of a citizen
4. Elements of good citizenship

8. NATIONAL INTEGRATION

1. National Integration
1. Meaning
2. Importance

2. National Unity
1. Factors promoting national unity
2. Factors limiting national unity

3. Conflict Resolution
1. Meaning of the term 'conflict'
2. Methods of resolving conflicts
3. Process of resolving conflicts

* FORM 2

1. TRADE

1. Definition of trade

2. Methods of trade
1. Barter
2. Currency
3. Types of trade
       1. Local trade
       2. Regional trade (Trans-Saharan Trade)
3. International Trade (Trans-Atlantic Trade)

2. DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION

1. Definition of transport and communication

2. Traditional forms of Transport
1. Land
2. Water

3. Development in modern means of transport
1. Road transport
2. Rail transport
3. Water transport
4. Air transport
5. Space exploration

4. Impact of modern means of transport

5. Traditional forms of communication
1. Smoke signals
2. Drum beats
3. Messengers
4. Horn blowing
5. Written messages on scrolls and stone tablets

6. Developments in modern means of communication
1. Telecommunication
2. Print media


3. DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRY

1. Early source of energy
1. wood
2. Wind
3. Water

2. Uses of metals in Africa
1. Bronze
2. Gold
3. Copper
4. Iron

3. The Industrial Revolution in Europe
1. Uses of various sources of energy
2. Uses of Iron and steel
3. Industrial inBritain
4. Industrialization in Continental Europe
5. Effects of the Industrial Revolution in Europe

4. The Scientific Revolution
1. Scientific inventions
2. Impact of science inventions on

5. Emergences of selection World industrial powers
1. USA
2. Germany
3. Japan

6. Industrialization in the Third World
1. South Africa
2. Brazil
3. India


4. URBANIZATION

1. Meaning of urbanization
2. Early Urbanization in:
        1. Africa
        2. Europe

3. Emergence of modern urban center in Africa
1. Nairobi
2. Johannesburg

4. Impact pf agrarian and industrial development on
Urbanization


5. SOCIAL ,ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF AFRICA SOCIETIES IN THE 19th CENTURY

1. The Social Economic and Political organization of Africa
society with reference to

1. The Baganda
2. The Ashanti /Asante

2. The Shona


6. CONSTITUTION AND CONSTITUTION MARKING

1. Types of constitutions
1. Written
2. Unwritten

2. The independence Constitution


3. The Kenya constitution
1. Constitution making process
2. Constitutional amendments since independence
3. Feature of the Kenyan constitution


7. DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

1. Democracy
1. Definition of democracy
2. Types of democracy
3. Principel of democracy

2. Human Rights
1. Defination of Human Rights
2. The Bills of Human
3. U.N Charter on Human Rights
4. The rights of the child
5. classification of Human Rights

* FORM 3

1. EUROPEAN INVASION OF AFRICA AND THE PROCESS OF COLONIZATION

1. The Scramble for and Partition of Africa
1. Definition of the terms ''scramble'' and ''partition''
2. Methods used by Europeans to acquire colonies in Africa
3. Factors that led to the scramble for colonies in Africa
4. The process of partition
5. Impact of partition

2. African Reactions to European Colonization
1. Resistance
2. Collaboration
3. Mixed Reactions


2. ESTABLISHMENT OF COLONIAL RULE IN KENYA

1. Background to the Scramble and Partition of East Africa
2. British occupation of Kenya
3. The response of the peoples of Kenya to the British
invasion and occupation
1. Resistance
2. Collaboration

3. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION

1. Indirect Rule:
1. The British in Kenya
2. The British in Nigeria

2. Direct Rule:
1. The British in Zimbambwe (Southern Rhodesia)
3. Assimilation:
1. The French in Senegal


4. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD IN KENYA

1. The Uganda Railway
2. Settler farming in kenya
3. Colonial land policies
4. The Devonshire White Paper
5. Urbanization
6. Education and Health


5. POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND THE STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE IN
KENYA (1919-1963)

1. Early Political Organization in Kenya up to 1939
1. East Africa Association
2. Kikuyu Central Association
3. Kavirondo Tax Payer and Welfare Association
4. Ukamba Members Association
5. Coast African Association
6. Taita Hills Association

2. Emergence of Independent Churches and Schools

3. Political organization and movements after 1945
1. Kenya Africa Study Union (K.A.S.U.)
2. Kenya African Union (K.A.U)
3. Mau Mau
4. Kenya Africa National Union (K.A.N.U)
5. Kenya Africa Democratic Union (K.A.D.U)
6. African People Party (A.P.P)
4. Trade Union Movement
1. Africa Workers Federation
2. Kenya Federation of Labour

5. Role of women in the struggle for independence
6. Constitutional changes leading to independence
1. African representation in the Legco
2. Lyttleton Constitution
3. Lennox-Boyd Constitution
4. Lancaster House Conferences

6. RISE OF AFRICAN NATIONALISM
1. Rise and growth of African Nationalism in:
1. Ghana
2. Mozambique
3. South Africa

7. LIVES AND CONTRIBUTION OF KENYAN LEADERS

1. Jomo Kenyatta
2. Daniel arap Moi
3. Oginga Odinga
4. Tom Mboya
5. Ronald Ngala

8. THE FORMATION AND FUNCTION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF KENYA

1. Electoral Process
2. Function of the Electoral Commission of Kenya
3. Formation of Government
4. Structure and Function of the Government of Kenya
1. Legislature
2. Executive
3. The Judiciary
4. The role of Law
5. The Concept Natural Justice

* FORM 4

1. WORLD WARS

1. The First World War(1914-1918)
1. Causes
2. Course
3. Results

2. The League of Nations
1. Formation
2. Organization
3. Performance

3. The second World War (1939-1945)
1. Causes
2. Course
3. Results


2. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. The United Nations
1. Formation
2. Organization
3. Performance and challenges

2. The Commonwealth
1. Formation
2. Membership
3. Functions
4. Challenges

3. The Non-Aligned Movement
1. Formation
2. Perfomance and challenges

4. The Cold War (Vietnam, Cuba, Europe, Angola)
1. Causes
2. Course
3. Effects


3. CO-OPERATION IN AFRICA

1. Pan-Africanism
1. Origins
2. Development
3. Perfomance

2. Organisation of African Unity (OAU)
1. Formation
2. Charter
3. Perfomance and challenges

3. African Union
1. Formation
2. Charter

4. East African community
1. Formation
2. Organization
3. Challenges up to 1977
4. Rebirth of the East African Community -2001

5. Economic Community of West African State (ECOWAS)
1. Formation
2. Organization
3. Perfomance and challenges

6. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
1. Formation
2. Functions
3. Perfomance and challenges

4. NATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES (KENYA)

1. Africa Socialism
2. Harambee
3. Nyayoism
4. Impact of National Philosophies

5. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND CHALLENGES IN KENYA SINCE INDEPENDENCE

1. Political developments
1. Developments from 1963-1991
2. Multi-party democracy in kenya
3. challenges of multi-party democracy
4. The role of political parties in Government and
nation building

2. Economic development and challenges
1. Land policies
2. Industry

3. Social developments and challenges
1. Education
2. Health
3. Culture and sports
 

6. SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHALLENGES IN AFRICA SINCE INDEPENDENCE

1. Social, Economic and Political developments in selected
African countries
1. Democratic Republic of Congo -DRC
2. Tanzania

2. Social, Economic and Political challenges in Africa since
independence

7. LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN KENYA

1. Types of local authorities
2. Function of local authorities
3. Relationship between local authorities and the central
government
4. Challenges facing local authorities

8. GOVERNMENT REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE IN KENYA

1. National budget
2. Sources of government revenue
3. Control of public finance


9. THE ELECTORAL PROCESS AND FUNCTION OF GOVERNMENTS IN OTHER
PARTS OF THE WORLD

1. USA
2. Britain
3. India

 101 Knec English Syllabus
102 Knec Kiswahili Syllabus
121 Knec Mathematics Syllabus
231 Knec Biology Syllabus
232 Knec Physics Syllabus 
233 Knec Chemistry Syllabus
311 Knec History & Govt.Syllabus
312 Knec Geography Syllabus
313 Knec C.R.E. Syllabus
314 Knec I.R.E. Syllabus
441 Knec Home Science Syllabus
441 Knec Woodwork Syllabus
442 Knec Art and Design Syllabus
443 Knec Agriculture Syllabus
448 Knec Electricity Syllabus
451 Knec Computer Studies Syllabus
501 Knec French Syllabus
502 Knec German Syllabus 
511 Knec Music Syllabus
565 Knec Business Studies Syllabus

 

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