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 Standard Four

 

STANDARD FOUR

UNIT 1.0: HUMAN BODY

TOPIC 1.1: Teeth

1.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) identify the different types of teeth
b) state the functions of different types of teeth
c) describe shedding of teeth.

1.3 Content

1.3.1 types of teeth

incisors
canines
premolar
molars

1.3.2 Functions of different types of teeth
1.3.3 Shedding of teeth

deciduous
permanent

Hint: Internal structure of the tooth not required

TOPICS 11.1:

i) movement
ii) Force

11.1 Specific Objectives

UNIT 2.0: HEALTH EDUCATION

TOPIC 2.1:

i) Teeth
ii) Meaning and causes of HIV/AIDS

2.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) describe the care of teeth
b) state problems related to teeth
c) identify requirements for maintaining strong teeth
d) state the meaning of HIV/AlDS
c) explain the cause of HIV/AIDS.

2.3 Content

2.3.1 Care of teeth
2.3.2 Problems related to teeth

bad smell
bleeding gums
cavities (holes)
tooth decay

2.3.3 Requirements for maintaining strong teeth
2.3.4 Meaning of HIV/AIDS
2.3.5 Cause of AIDS

Hint: A toothbrush should not be shared.

UNIT 3.0: PLANTS

TOPICS 3.1:

i) Types of crops
ii) Weeds

3.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) identify different types of crops
b) identify weeds in the locality
c) explain how weeds-.are controlled.

3.3 Content

3.3.1 Types of crops

* Food crops (cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits, tuber crops)
* Cash crops (beverage crops, fibre crops, oil crops)
3.3.2 Weeds in the locality such as black jack, sodom apple, pigweed, wandering jew, mexican merigold and oxalis

Hint: Use local and common names of weeds only

3.3.3 Control of weeds

(uprooting, digging out)

UNIT 4.0: WEATHER AND THE SKY

TOPICS 4.1:

i) The Sky
ii) Types of Clouds

4.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:

a) observe the sky at different times of day and night and record their
observations
b) identify types of clouds.

4.3 Content

4.3.1 The sky at different times of day and night (sun, moon, other stars, clouds)

Hint: Names of stars and constellations not required.

4.3.2 Types of clouds (cumulus, nimbus)

UNIT 5.0: ANIMALS

TOPICS 5.1:

i) Characteristics of animals.
ii) Farm animals and their products

5.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) state characteristics of animals
b) classify farm animals according to their products.

5.3 Content

5.31 Characteristics of animals (feed, move from place to place, remove waste, grow, reproduce, react to changes in the surrounding, die)

5.32 Classification of farm animals according to their products

poultry (layers and broilers)
cattle (beef and dairy)
sheep (wool and mutton)
goats (dairy and mutton)

Hint: Specific breeds of animals not required.

UNIT 6.0: WATER

TOPICS 6.1: Uses of water Storing water

6.2 : Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) describe' the uses of water
c) identify different ways of storing water.

6.3 Content

6.3.1 Uses of water at home, in the farm, recreation, in industries and transport

6.3.2. Storing water
ways of storing water in tanks, drums, pots, buckets, and in dams.

UNIT 7,0: SOIL

TOPIC 7.1: Composition of Soil

7.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) Investigate the composition of soil
b) explain the composition of soil.

7.3 Content

7.3.1 Composition of soil (mineral particles, living organisms, organic matter, water and air).

UNIT 8.0: FOODS AND NUTRITION

TOPICS 8.1:

i) Food groups
ii) Balanced diet

8.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) identify the three basic food groups
b) classify locally available foods into the three food groups
c) describe what makes up a balanced diet.

8.3 Content
8.3.1 Basic food groups
Balanced diet
body building foods
energy giving foods
protective foods

8.3.2 Classification of locally available foods
8.3.3 Balanced diet

UNIT 9.0: ENERGY

TOPICS 9.1:
i) Light
ii) Heat
9.2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) describe uses of light
b) describe the importance of proper
lighting in a house
c) identify sources of heat
d) explain uses of heat.

9.3 Content

9.3.1 Uses of light
9.3.2 Importance of lighting a house such as
(see clearly, safety, discourage pests, read comfortably)
9.3.3 Ways of lighting a house such as
, (windows, translucent roofs, artificial lighting)

9.3.4 Sources of heat

sources of heat such as sun, fire,electricity and gas
9.3.5 Uses of heat such as cooking, wanning, ironing and drying

UNIT 10.0: PROPERTIES OF MATTER

TOPICS 10.1:

i) Floating and sinking
ii) Pressure in liquids

10.2 Specific. Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:

a) investigate floating and sinking
b) investigate factors that affect
floating and sinking
c) demonstrate the relationship between pressure and depth in liquids.

10.3 Content

10.3.1 Floating and sinking

objects which float
objects which sink

10.3.2 Factors affecting floating and sinking (size, shape, type of material)
10.3.3 Pressure in liquids

* water

UNIT 11.0: MAKING WORK EASIER

TOPIC 11.1: Simple tools

11. 2 Specific Objectives

By the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
a) use simple tools safely
b) describe how to maintain simple tools.

11.3 Content

11.31 Safe use of simple tools such as hammer, saw, jembe, panga, knife and
bottle opener

11.32 Maintaining simple tools

cleaning after use
sharpening cutting tools
oiling/greasing
proper use of tools
proper storage

Hint: Maintenance of a particular tool is not required.