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Schemes

BIOLOGY FORM 1 SCHEMES OF WORK - TERM 1

WEEK

LESSON

TOPIC

SUB - TOPIC

OBJECTIVES

LEARNING/TEACHING

ACTIVITIES

LEARNING/TEACHING

RESOURCES

REFERENCES

REMARKS

6

1

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

Definition of Biology

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to: 1.Define Biology 2.List the branches of Biology

Define Biology

Linking biology with other subjects.

Charts on various disciplines

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 1

-KLB Biology book Page 1 -Golden tips Biology Page 1

2

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

Importance of Biology

Characteristics of organisms

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Explain the importance of Biology

-State and explain some of the characteristics of organisms

Explain the importance of Biology

Naming common Characteristics of organisms.

Organisms in the school compound

Charts on the characteristics of organisms.

Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 1-2

KLB Biology Page 12

Golden tips Biology Page 1

3-4

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

Characteristics of organisms

External features of plants and animals

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Explain the external features of plants and animals

-Write down the difference between plants and animals

Collecting, observing and recording external features of plants and animals.

Organisms in the school compound

Charts on external features of plants and animals

Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 2-3

KLB secondary Biology Page 2-6

Golden tips Biology Page 1-2

6

1

CLASSIFICATION 1

Definition

Use of magnifying lens

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

1.  Define classification

2.  Use the magnifying lens to observe the external features of plants/ animals

Define classification

Drawing of a magnifying lens

Using magnifying lens to observe the external features of plants and animals

Discussion on how to calculate magnification

Magnifying lens

Different specimen of plants and animals

Rulers with measurement in mm

Chart on external features of plants and animals

Comprehensive Biology students Bk. 1 page 5

KLB secondary Biology book Pg 8

Golden tips Biology Page 3-5

Gateway secondary Biology pages 5-12

2

CLASSIFICATION 1

Observation of features of organisms

Plant leaf forms

 

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Record observations of the main external features of plant leaf form -Draw different types of leaf forms

-Observing, recording the main external features of the leaf forms of plants

-Different types of leaves

-Chart on different types of leaves

Comprehensive Biology Bk.1 pg 6-8

KLB Biology Pg 8-10

Golden tips Biology Page 4-5

3-4

CLASSIFICATION 1

External features of plants and animals

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Observe, record and draw the main external features of plants -Observe record and draw the main external features of animals

-Observing, recording and drawing the main external features of plants -Observing, recording and drawing the main external features of animals

-Different types of stems and roots

-Different types of small animals

-Chart on features of plants and animals

-Comprehensive Biology Bk.1 pg 8-12 -KLB Biology Pg 10-14 -Golden tips Biology Page 3

7

1-2

CLASSIFICATION 1

Necessity and significance of classification

Major units of classification

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-State the necessity and significance of classification -Name the major units of classification

-Name the five kingdoms of living things

Discussion on the necessity and significance of classification

Charts on classification

Charts with the five kingdoms and examples in each case.

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 12-13 -KLB Biology Pg 14-15 -Golden tips Bio.Pg. 6-12 -Gateway secondary Biology pages 5-12

3-4

CLASSIFICATION 1

Taxonomic units in plants and animal kingdom

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-List the taxonomic units in plant and animal kingdoms

-Classify maize and human beings

Naming taxonomic units in plants and animal kingdoms

Classification of maize and human beings

Charts on

Classification of maize and human beings

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 13-14 -KLB Biology Pg 14 -Golden tips Biology Pg 6-12 -Gateway secondary Biology pages 5-12

8

1-2

CLASSIFICATION 1

Binomial nomenclature in naming organisms

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Define Binomial nomenclature -State the principles of Binomial nomenclature In naming organisms

-Defining Binomial nomenclature -Classification of given organisms using generic and specific names

Charts on

Binomial

nomenclature

-Comprehensive Biology Bk.1 pg 14

-KLB Biology Pg 15-16 -Golden tips Biology Page 6 Gateway secondary Biology pages 5-12

3-4

CLASSIFICATION 1

Collection of plants and animals

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Use collecting nets, cutting instructions instruments and hand lens

-Collecting plants and animals

-Preserving Collecting plants and animals collected

Specimen bottle

Sweep nets

Cotton wool

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 14-16 -KLB Biology book Pg 9 -Golden tips Biology Pg 6-12

2

9

1-2

CLASSIFICATION 1

Grouping of organisms according to their similarities

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Observe and group collected and preserved specimen according to their similarities

-Observing and grouping animals according to their similarities

-Observing and grouping plants according to their similarities

-Collected and preserved

specimen

-Hand lens

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 15

-KLB Biology Pg 15-16 -Golden tips Biology Page 79

3-4

THE CELL

Introduction to light microscope

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Define a cell -Draw and label the light microscope

-Description of a cell -Drawing and labeling the light microscope

Light microscope

Diagram of light microscope

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 17 KLB Biology Pg 18 -Golden tips pg 15-16

10

1-2

THE CELL

-Parts of the light microscope and their functions -Calculation of magnification using light microscope

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Identify parts of the light microscope and state their functions -Describe how to care for a light microscope

-Discussion on parts of a light microscope -Caring for the light microscope

-Demonstration on how to use the light microscope -Prepared slides

Light microscope

Chart of light microscope

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 20 -KLB Biology Page 21 -Golden tips Biology Page 17-18

3-4

THE CELL

Plant and animal cells as seen under a light microscope -Calculation of magnification using light microscope

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Draw and label plant and animal cells as seen under a light microscope

-Drawing and labeling of plant and animal cells as seen under a light microscope

-Demonstration on how to calculate magnification of a light microscope

Charts of plants and animal cells as seen under a light

microscope

Microscope

-Comprehensive Biology students Bk. 1 page 20 -KLB Biology Page 18-20 -Golden tips Biology Page 15-17

-Gateway secondary biology pages 26-32

11

1-2

THE CELL

Using the light microscope with prepared slides

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Observe a prepared slide under a light microscope

-Prepare temporary slide of onion epidermis and observe it under a light microscope

Permanent slides of animal and plant cells

Light microscope

Microscope slide

Cover slip

Observing prepared slides of plant and animal cells

Preparing and mounting onion epidermal cells

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 page 33

-KLB Biology Page 22 -Golden tips Biology Pg 16 -Gateway secondary biology pages 26-32

-Longman biology page 3132

3

3-4

THE CELL

Cell structure as seen under the electron microscope

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Draw and label plant and animal cells as seen under electron microscope

-Drawing and labeling plant and animal cells as seen under an electron microscope

-Diagrams of plant and animal cells as seen under electron microscope

-Comprehensive Biology Bk. 1 pg 19-20 -KLB Biology Pg 23 -Golden tips Biology Page 18

12

1

THE CELL

Physiology of the cell

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:-Describe the structure and function of the cell -Cell wall -Cell membrane -cytoplasm

discussion on the functions of cell components

-  cell wall

-  cell membrane

-  cytoplasm

drawing and labeling these parts of the cell

chart on plant and animal cells as seen under electron microscope

Comprehensive secondary Biology students Bk. 1 page

23-24

Teachers bk. 1 pages 11-19

KLB secondary Biology

Students book Page

24-26

Golden tips Biology Page 18-19

KLB teachers book 1 pages 23-25

Gateway secondary biology pages 26-32

2

THE CELL

Cell organelles

Estimating the size of a cell

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Describe the structure and function of the cell organelles

Estimate the size of a cell as seen in the field of view of a microscope

discussion on the functions of cell organelles

Drawing and labeling the cell and organelles

Explain how to estimate the size of onion epidermal cells

Estimating the size of onion epidermal cells

chart on various cell organelles

cover slip

iodine solution

distilled water

scalpel

two droppers

pointed scalpel

mounting needle

filter paper

transparent ruler with mm markings

onion bulb

Comprehensive secondary Biology students Bk. 1 page 24-33

Teachers bk. 1 pages 11-19

KLB secondary Biology

Students book Page 27-28

Golden tips Biology Page 15-20

KLB teachers book 1 pages 23-25

Gateway secondary biology pages 27-32

Longman biology pages 30-31