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History of Education of Kenya after 1963

Education Commission and their findings.
- Kenya Education Commission Ominde Report 1964.
- Bessey Report 1972.
- Gachathi Report 1976.
- Mackay Report 1988.
- Kamunge Report 1988.
- Koech Report 1999
 

In Kenya before independence, there was various education forms and structure. After independence in 1963, the government of Kenya has established various Education Commissions which has shaped the systems of Education since independence. these Commissions were Led by prominent scholars from within and outside the country.
 

The following are some of these Commissions and their recommendations since 1963 to present.
a) Ominde Report of 1964 65
The Commission recommended the introduction system of Education in Kenya. English language was to be used as a communication in teaching from Std. 1  It recommended the use of radio as a means of teaching in primary, secondary and TTC.Entry age of a child to a school was to be six years. Science Education was to be emphasized in all Levels Learning. Primary Schools were to be thoroughly supervised by the
• government.
• Kiswahili was to be compulsory from primary level.
• The Parents Teachers Associations were established this time.
• The racial segregation was abolished in all schools in Kenya.
• The primary schools curriculum was to be revised so as to suit In the needs of Kenyans and Africa continent.
• The Primary School Teachers were started.
• Education in primary and other levels was to be secular.
Education was to promote unity and patriotism.
Problems which faced the implementation of the Ominde Report
• Results in examinations went down.
• Lack of trained teachers In various subjects.
Teachers could not handle the teaching equipments effectively.
Lack of resource materials.
b) The Bessey Report of 1972
The following were the recommendations of the committee
Subjects Like Kiswahili were to be encouraged in many schools in the country.
• Subjects Like CRE. and Music was to be encouraged in schools.
• Subjects Like History and Geography were to be combined and called Social Studies.
Pupils in Stds 2 and 3 were to remain in the school in the afternoons.
The school curriculum to be planned’ in 3 distinct phases, Lower, middle and upper.
• Curriculum was to be relevant to the Local needs of people.• government.
• Kiswahili was to be compulsory from primary level.
• The Parents Teachers Associations were established this time.
• The racial segregation was abolished in all schools in Kenya.
• The primary schools curriculum was to be revised so as to suit In the needs of Kenyans and Africa continent.
• The Primary School Teachers were started.
• Education in primary and other levels was to be secular.
Education was to promote unity and patriotism.
Problems which faced the implementation of the Ominde Report
• Results in examinations went down.
• Lack of trained teachers In various subjects.
Teachers could not handle the teaching equipments effectively.
Lack of resource materials.
 


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