Farm structures - Agriculture Form 3
Suggested Topic Activities
1) Observe the wall and the roof of various buildings in the school and identify the construction materials used. Give probable reasons why these materials were used.(Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg83-92)
2) Identify the types of fences used in the school compound (Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg124-132)
3) Identify the various parts of a roof made up of timber in your area (Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg92 fig 3.4)
4) Visit a dairy farm and observe features of a dairy shed. Discuss the maintenance practices that can be carried out on a dairy shed.(Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg100-102 fig 3.8 a&b)
5) Visit an apiary and study how bees are placed (Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg118-120)
6) Construct any of the following livestock structures:
7) i). a crush (Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg93-94)
ii). A rabbit hatch (Ref sec agric klb bk3 pg113-115)
In your previous studies you covered common livestock management practices. These include control of parasites and diseases, breeding, dehorning, castration, hoof trimming etc. These practices need to done in special livestock handling structures for example a crush.
Livestock management practices include:
control of parasites and diseases
hoof trimming etc
These practices need to done in special livestock handling structures for example a crush.
FARM STRUCTURES: Glossary
Acaricide- a substance that kills ticks and mites
Brick-baked or dried clay used for building
Concrete- a mixture of water, gravel, sand and cement allowed to dry and used for construction of farm buildings
Dip-wash- mixture of acaricide and water in a dip tank
Eave- the part of a roof that projects beyond the wall that supports it
Enterprise- organized business activities aimed specifically at growth and profit
Farm structures-different types of physical constructions that are put-up on the farm
Fermentation-anaerobic breakdown of organic materials by the action of enzymes produced by microorganisms
Fingerling- young one of fish, less than one year old.
Fish pond- structure used for rearing fish
Forage-plants grown to feed livestock
Green houses- structures made of glass or translucent walls and roof and used for growing crops.
Hedge-a close-set row of bushes, usually with their branches intermingled, forming a barrier or boundary in the farm.
Hutch- a small shelter, usually constructed from wire and wood, for keeping small animals such as rabbits
Latch-a device for holding a door, gate, or other opening closed consisting of a movable bar that drops into a hole or notch
Parasite-an organism which lives on or in another organism and depends on it for food and/or shelter causing harm to it.
Predator-an animal that kills and eats other animals
Silo- a structure for storing grains, animal feeds or for making silage
Silage- animal fodder that is made by storing green materials in a silo where it is preserved by partial fermentation
Strut-a rod or bar used to strengthen or support a structure
Translucent-allowing light to pass through, but only diffusely, so that objects on the other side cannot be clearly distinguished
Truss- physical structure with a network of beams and bars used to support roofing materials
Odour-smell whether pleasant or unpleasant
Wall plate- a horizontal structural member placed along the top of a wall to support the ends of beams or trusses.
By the end of the lesson, you should be able to;
describe parts of a building
describe various farm structures and their uses
identify materials for construction
describe siting of various farm structures
construct and maintain farm structures
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