Land tenure and reforms - Agriculture Form 3
Suggested Activities In Topic land Tenure And Land Reform
Walk around the farms in your home area discuss with farmers the types of tenure systems they hold, the type of soil conservation measures they practice and long-term developments they do on the farms.
Discuss with the elderly people how they solve land disputes. eg.Through calling a council of elders eg Njuri njeke in meru, Kaya in coast etc.
Discuss, with your parents or an elderly person in your home area, on the following:
(i) The tenure system operational in area.
(ii)The procedure they followed to acquire the title deed for the farm.
(iii)The information entered on the title deed.
Look at your atlas and locate various places where settlement schemes are established in Kenya.
(Reference: Kenya Literature Bureau. 2009, Secondary. Agriculture. Form 3,Page.152-156).
In your form one course you leant that agricultural economics is the applied science that aims at maximizing output while minimizing cost. This is done by combining the limited supply of the factors of production to produce goods and services for use by the society for periods of time. The factors of production are:
Agricultural economics: A science that aims at maximizing output while minimizing costs by combining the limited supplies of land, capital, labor and management of goods and services for use by the society over a certain period of time.
Adjudication: Establishment of ownership, description and recording of land.
Concession: An agreement between the government and a foreign company on the use land.
Consolidation: putting together under one holding different scattered pieces of land owned by one individual.
Co-operative: An organized group of people with similar economic needs.
Fragmentation: A condition where an individual own numerous separate parcels of land scattered over a wide area.
Landlord: A person who owns a piece of land which he/she rents to another person at an agreed fee.
Reform: Any organized action designed to improve land ownership use.
Registration: The process of recording information of land ownership on an official register.
Resettlement: a process of transferring people from densely populated areas to sparsely populated areas.
Settlement: occupation of land which was not previously inhabited.
Tenure: The ownership of land or the right to use the land.
Title deed: A legal document that proof the ownership of land
By the end of the topic you should be able to define and describe land tenure systems and land reforms found in Kenya.
- Define the term land tenure
- Describe tenure systems
- Describe land reforms
Land tenure and land reforms
Land is an important resource required in agricultural production. The systems of land ownership and rights to the use of land in Kenya vary significantly. In this topic we shall look at the different types of land ownership and uses, which is referred to as land tenure systems, and the organized actions aimed at improving land use. Various kinds of rights to the use of land give rise to different land tenure systems. Different land tenure systems offer varying degrees of security. Land reforms involve organized actions designed to improve land use, with the aim of improving agricultural production.
Land tenure systems
Land tenure is the possession of the legal rights to the ownership and use of land. Various kinds of rights to the use of land give rise to different tenure systems. For individual land tenure system, the concept of sole ownership gives the farmer motivation to work harder in farming, soil conservation and general land improvement. However, in communal land tenure system the land belongs to everybody and hence no individual has the responsibility of taking care of the land or developing it.-Tenure systems are methods by which someone has the rights to the use of land. There are two main forms of tenure systems, namely: 1) Individual land tenure system 2) Collective land tenure system
Types of individual land tenure system
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