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Woodwork Syllabus

444 -WOODWORK SYLLABUS

GENERAL OBJECTIVES FOR WOODWORK

At the end of this course, the learner should be able to:
(a) develop skills in the proper use and care of basic woodworking tools and equipment;
(b) identify and use locally available timbers and manufactured wood products
(c) have acquired skills to construct some functional items;
(d) demonstrate an awareness of career opportunities available in the related woodworking;
(e) develop awareness of all safety aspects related to personnel, tools, equipment used in woodworking;
(f) demonstrate the ability to read and interpret working drawings;
(g) appreciate the basic aspects of good design in regard to wood products
(h) appreciate and apply related knowledge to solve problems in woodwork
(i) understand the importance and demonstrate methods of planting and co trees.

1.0.0 INTRODUCTION

The aim of woodwork course is to teach knowledge, attitudes and skills. and materials will be used as vehicles for teaching of these desired skills. operations will be stressed since the learners will be using them in most of work.
This course will provide instructions and information concerning the tools materials that are used in general woodworking. Safe working habits and practices in using these tools are stressed throughout the course. This will give the learner an opportunity to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes which will assist him / her to pursue further training or enter gainful employment.
 

1.0.0 SAFETY

2.1.0 Specific Objectives
At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) state the safety rules to be observed in a working place;
(b) demonstrate correct behaviour in a working environment;
(c) observe personal safety rules in a working environment;
(d) perform basic First Aid operations in the event of an accident;
(e) follow the correct procedure in the event of a fire outbreak;
(t) carry out basic preventive maintenance;
(g) observe safety precautions when using and handling materials in the working environment;
(h) follow the proper procedure when reconditioning tools;
(i) exercise proper care when using, handling and storing tools and equipment;
observe safely precautions when maintaining worn out tools.

Content

Behaviour and dress in the workshop:

(1) Types of conduct: individual and group.
(2) Type of dressing: clothing and protective garments.
Movement and storage of materials and tools:
(3) Movement - individually and collectively depending on weight and risk.
(4) Storage - storing places and demand of the items.
(5) Working areas.
Working procedure: Tidiness; Proper usage of tools and other items; Faulty
Tools and other items; Faulty tools.
Working place:- Tidiness; good ventilation; shelter from wind and rain;
adequate light.

2.2.5 Fire and accidents prevention:- Classes of fire and types of fire extinguishers.
2.2.6 Preventive maintenance:- Faulty tools; sharpening and conditioning of tools.
2.2.7 Personal safety:- Attire; behaviour; handling of tools; equipment and materials.
2.2.8 Working procedure:- Proper usage of tools; materials handling.
2.2.9 Basic first aid: Contents of First Aid box; treatment of simple cuts and bums.

MATERIALS

4.1.0 Specific Objectives
At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:

(a) identify, select and utilize available timbers;
(b) describe the growth of timber-producing trees;
(c) describe methods of timber conversion;
(d) use the various methods learnt to store timber properly;
(e) identify defects arising from timber seasoning;
(0 describe common methods of timber seasoning;
(g) identify, select and utilize laminates and manufactured boards;
(h) explain how manufactured boards and laminates are manufactured;
(i) recognize defects other than those caused by seasoning;
(5) describe timber by common sizes.

Content

Trees:- Growth; classification and examples of locally grown timbers; problems facing growing timber trees in the forests; identification, selection and utilization of timber: (structure of fibres and vessels, smell, colour, hardness, strength, weight, and purpose). Timber storage and seasoning:-

Methods of storage; methods of seasoning (air and kiln)

Defects arising from seasoning:- Warpage; shakes; checks; splits. Other types of defects:-Growth defects (knots and grain); Conversion defects (waney edge and diagronal grains); Insects; and Fungi.

3.2.5 Conversion:- Methods of coversion - plain (through and through) and quartat I Sizing.
3.2.6 Types of manufactured boards; methods of manufacture, turing and their uses: plywood, hardboards; battenboard; blockboard; chipboard; softboarct laminboard.
3.2.7 Types of laminates, methods of manufacturing and their general uses:- laminates; plastic laminate e.g. formica; veneers.

3.2.8 Common types of timber used in Kenya.
3.2.9 Commercial timbers:- Podo, pine, cypress, camphor, cedar.
3.2.10 Less common and rare:- Elgon olive, mvule, meru oak, mahogany.
3.2.11 Election of suitable timber and wood products.

4.0.0 MEASURING AND MARKING OUT

4.1.0 Specific Objectives At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) identií and select the correct measuring and marking out tools; (b) use safely the measuring and marking-out tools; (c) care and maintain the measuring and marking-out tools; (d) differentiate between various measuring and marking out tools; (e) exercise proper care when using and handling the tools.

42.0 Content

4.2.1 Measuring:
Types of basic tools: External and internal.
- Methods of measuring;
- Care and maintenance;
- Differentiating between given measuring tools;
- Selection of appropriate measuring tools.

4.2.2 Marking-out Types of common marking-out tools including protractor, vernier calipers and combination square.
- Methods of marking-out;
- Care and maintenance;
- Differentiating between given marking-out tools;
- Selection of appropriate marking-out tools.

5.0.0 SEPARATION

5.1.0 Specific Objectives

At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) identify, select and use separation tools correctly and safely; (b) properly maintain and store separation tools; (c) differentiate cross-cutting and ripping saws; (d) use saws, saw jigs and fixtures.
Content
Handsaws:
Cross-cuffing: Types and parts of saws.
Ripping: Types and parts of saws.
Cabinet saws:- Parts, types and Sawing jigs and fixtures
Characteristics of cross-cut and rip saws.
Saw maintenance and storage: conditioning and storage.
Application of saw jigs and fixtures.

PLANNING

Specific Objectives
the learner should be able to: true-a-up a work piece; demonstrate the skills involved in timber preparations; identify, select and use common types of planes correctly and safely; perform several operations using different planes; maintain, condition and store planes;
observe safely precautions when using, maintaining and storing different planes.

Content

Identification of hand planes. Selection and use of hand planes.

Operations using different hand planes:
- Joining (timber preparation) common types of planes; end grain planning; handling and care of planes.
- Rebating: Types of tools; Methods of making rebates.
- Dadoing and grooving: Types of making dados and grooves.
- Chamfering and bevelling: Types of tools; Application. Maintenance of planes: Conditioning; Storage.

Safety precautions.

CUTTING HOLES
Specific Objectives
 the learner should be able to:

(a) select, use correctly and safely hand tools and bits for drilling, boring, countersinking and counter-boring holes to specified depths;
(h) identify and select other tools and correctly use them for drilling, cutting and shaping non-round holes:
(c) care and maintain tools for cutting holes.

Content

Drilling: Hand drill: Types of bits.
Boring, countersinking and counterboring.
Boring: types of braces; types of bits.
Countersinking and counterboring:- Types of tools;
Methods used; Uses of countersinking and counterboring.
Non-round holes: Types of tools; Methods of making non-round holes.
Tool maintenance: Conditioning and storage.
 

Safety precaution.

8.0.0 SHAPING

8.1.0 Specific Objectives

At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) choose correctly the tools for malcing various types of decorative patterns and shapes;
(b) use safely and demonstrate the correct use of selected tools;
(c) select and use appropriately veneering materials for decorative patterns;
(d) care, maintain, condition and store the shaping tools.

Content

Selecting and using tools for decorative patterns and shapes.
Decorative patterns:- Inlay decorations; Overlay decorations; Veneering.
Rounding:- Types of tools; edge treatment.
Curving: Types of tools; kinds of shapes
Edge moulding:- Kinds of shapes; Types of tools.
Selecting and using materials.
Care and tool maintenance:-Conditioning; Storage; Caring.

9.0.0 ASSEMBLY

9.1.0 Specific Objectives
At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:

(a) identify and use appropriate types of mechanical fasteners and hardware;
(b) assemble workpieces using appropriate joints;
(c) select and use appropriate types of adhesives;
(d) identify, select and fit appropriate hardware for specific projects.

Content

Using mechanical fasteners and hardware:
Nailing:- Types of nails; types of tools; Methods of nailing.
- Screwing:- Types of screws; types of tools; Other types of mechanical fasteners.
9.2.3 Joints:
- Types ofjoints:- Widening joints; Angle joints; Framing joints.
- Dowelling:- Types of dowels; Jigs, plates and templates for making dowels; types of tools used.
9.2.4 Adhesive bonding:- types of glues; Types of holding devices; methods of clamping.
9.2.5 Hardware:
- Types of fittings:- Door fittings; Table fittings glass and mirror; Carcase and box fittings; Other fittings.
- Fixing hardware.

10.0.0 FINISHING

10.1.0 Specific Objectives
At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) correctly prepare project surfaces for finishing;
(b) select appropriate finishing materials
(c) correctly and safely apply the selected finishing materials;
(d) use and care of the finishing equipment;
(e) improve the surface where defects appear by filling;
(f) prepare the selected finishing materials.

10.2.0 Content

10.2.1 Surface preparation
- Tools and equipment;
- Materials:- types of wood fillers;
- Methods: Sanding, Filling, Grain raising.

10.2.2 Selection and application of finishing materials.
- Wood filling: Tools and equipment; type of wood fillers; Application.
- Polishing:- Tools and equipment; Types of polishes, application.
- Painting: Tools and equipment; types of paints; Application.
- Other types of finishing: formica; P.V.C. materials; veneers.

10.2.3 Preparation of finishes and surface treatment
- Preparation of finishes: Tools; Equipment; Materials.
- Surface treatment. Bleaching; Staining; Painting; Polishing

10.2.4 Maintenance of equipment: Cleaning; Drying; Storage.

11.0.0 RELATED DRAWING, PLANNING AND DESIGN

11.1.0 Specific Objectives

At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) read and interpret various types o drawings;
(b) transfer dimensions between different drawings and actual physical project;
(c) prepare a cutting list and a bill of materials for a given project;
(d) communicate ideas by means of simple pictorial or orthographic drawing using drawing instruments or freehand sketching;
(e) use correctly and safely drawing instruments;
(f) apply basic principles of design and elements in making simple projects;
(g) differentiate and make drawings in first and third angle orthographic projections;
(h) demonstrate proper dimensioning, numbering and lettering techniques on drawings;
(i) plan and organize production of simple projects;
(j) layout a title block, a border line and views on a drawing paper;
(k) read and draw simple sectioned and exploded drawings.

11.2.9 Content

11.2.1 Freehand sketching:
- Two dimensional sketches;
- Three dimensional sketches;

11.2.2 Lines, symbols and dimensioning:
- Types of lines;
- Symbols and abbreviations;
- Convention;
- Numbering and lettering.

11.2.3 Drawing instruments:
- Types of instruments;
- Care of the instruments;
- Use of instruments.

11.2.4 Measuring and laying-out:
- Title block and border liners;
- Placement of views.

11.2.5 Reading and drawing to scales: Full size; Reduced size; Enlarged size.
12.2.6 Pictorial drawings: Oblique; Isometric; Perspective.
12.2.6 Orthographic drawings: First angle projection; Third angle projection.
12.2.7 Sectioning: Cutting planes; Full section; Half section.
12.2.8 Auxiliary view
12.2.9 Exploded drawings.
12.2.10 Design: Principles; Elements: Materials; Design process
12.2.11 Bill of materials: Cutting list; Estimating costs of consumable and non- consumable materials;
12.2.12 Planning and organizing production: Simple jigs and fixtures; Plan of procedures.

12.0.0 OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION

12.1.0 Specific Objectives

At the end of this topic, the learner should be able to:
(a) identify various job opportunities existing in wood-work and other related fields;
(b) identify further training opportunities in woodwork and other related fields.

12.2.0 Content

12.2.1 Immediate job opportunities: Small-scale industry; Large-scale industry; Self- employment;
Application procedures; Training opportunities.
12.2.2 Relevant post-school training programmes: Colleges; Polytechnics; Universities.
12.2.3 Apprenticeship programmes: Private sector; Public sector


APPENDIX

List of Tools and Equipment for Woodwork
 

Fire extinguisher
First aid box
Aprons
Dust coats
Safety goggles
Steel rules
Steel tape measures
Metre rules
Vernier calipers 180mm
Outside calipers
Inside calipers
Spring4yders
Try-square
Carpenterís square 300mm
Marking gauges
Mortice gauges
Marking knives
Cross-cut saws 550mm
4pws650mm
Panel saws
Tenon saws
Dovetail saws
Coping
Pad saw
General purpose saw
Bow saw
Junior hacksaws
Hacksaws
Compass saw
Log saw

pad saw
Try planes
Smoothing planes
rebate planes
Router planes
(i) large (ii) small
Block planes
Shoulder planes Block plane
Combination plane Hand drills
Braces
Electric hand drill
Sets of auger bits 6mrn-25mrn
Twist_drills_lmm-l2mm
Countersink bits:
(i) rose head
(ii) snails head
Power bids 6mm-25mm
Flat bits 6mm-25mm
Forstener bits 6mm-25mm
Expansive bit
Spoke shaves
(i) round safe
(ii) flat faced

Surforms
 

Planer file
Standard file
Round
Halfround
Block file
Hand files and Rasps
Half round files
Bastard files
Second double files
Triangular
Round files
Rasps
Rat tail files
Square files
File cards
Wood carving tools

Chisels and Gouges
Bevel edged firmer chisels 6mm
Beveledgedl 2mm
Beveledged 20mm
Mortise chisels 10mm
Paring chisels 10mm
Paring chisels 20mm
Inside ground gouges Outside ground gouges
Stanley laminates knife
Beam compass
Warrington pattern hammers 350gm
Claw hammers
Ball pein hammers
Pincers
Nail punches
Centre punches
Brawdawl:
(i) small
(ii) large
0-clamps 100mm
0-clamps 150mm
0-clamps 200mm
0-clamps 300mm
Bassey clamp (quick release clamps) 150mm
Sash clamps:
(i) im
(H) 15m
(Hi) 2m
Screw drivers:
(i) straight tip
(H) star head
Brace screwbit
Glue brushes
Adjustable spanners 200mm
Sliding bevels
Tinsnips:
(i) left hand
(H) right hand
(Hi) straight
Pliers (combination)
Dowel plate
Hand clamps
Slim taper files
Saw set
Taps and dies (metric)
Universal protractor
Sanding blocks
Finishing brushes:
(i) 25mm
(ii)50mm
Artistís brushes small and big
Simple drawing boards
Tee-squares
Set-squares 30, 60, 90
Set-squares 45, 45,90
Protractors
Clips
Letter stamps
Number stamps
WaIl charts
Factory Acts (wall chart)
Portable grinding wheel
French curves
Dividers



 

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